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Bait & Lures

new to fishing & don't know what to use?
fished for more than 30 years & still don't know what to use?
then take a look at this ...

marked fw : for use in freshwater
marked sw : for use in saltwater
unmarked : for use in both

Although some are marked fw & sw, there is no rule against using freshwater bait for saltwater fish & vice versa. New entries will be added from time to time.
ArtificialDescription
Crankbaitbuilt with a lip to make it dive
Lipless Crankbaitmay come with or without rattles
Flyused by but not limited to fly fishermen
Inline Spinnerhas a straight profile with one or more spinning blade
Jig Heada weighted lure for fishing in obstructed bottom
Metal Jigeffective for saltwater jigging
Pencilsurface plug usually for walk-the-dog technique
Poppersurface plug with concave mouth to create popping sound
Soft Plasticcan be poured into any shape
Spinnerbait3 main blade shapes Willow, Colorado and Indiana
Spoona metal shaped like a spoon
Swimbaitmulti jointed fish designed to swim realistically
ProcessedDescription
Boiliesfw - boiled paste to form a hard bodied bait
Breadeasy to get & effective for a wide variety of fish
Cat Or Dog Biscuitfw - a quick rinse to soften it before using
Chicken Feedfw - for chumming or mixed with fishing paste
Cornmeal Ballsfw - mix equal amount of water, sugar, cornmeal. Heat inside a pot till it's doughy & will hold around a three prong after cast
Doughfw - add water to flour & knead
Fish Pelletsfw - a quick rinse to soften it before using
Fishing Pastefw - mixing a variety of powdery ingredients with water
Scentsfw - added to fishing paste or artificial lure
Frozen Saltwater Baitssw - handy when you couldn't get fresh ones
Salt Cured Shrimp/Squid/Fishsw - curing makes it stay better on hook
PlantsDescription
Aquatic Mosslimited to a few species e.g. snakeskin gourami
Bananafw - use when ripe for mad barb & common carp
Coconutfw - use directly on hook or as a flavour enhancer
Cornfw - use directly on hook or as a flavour enhancer
Elephant Grassfw - for vegetation feeders, like the grass carp
Jungle Figsfw - effective only if it grows near the water you fish
Palm Oil Fruitfw - ferment for 1 or 2 weeks before using
Peanutfw - flavour enhancer for fishing paste & boilies
Ricefw - flavour enhancer for fishing paste & boilies
Sesame Seedfw - flavour enhancer for fishing paste & boilies
Tapiocafw - fermented, for almost any omnivorous fish
Tapioca Leavesfw - for vegetation feeders, like the grass carp
AnimaliaDescription
Crayfishfw - for predatory fish such as bass & pike
Cricketfw - good for catching bait fish
Grasshopperfw - often used for river fishing
Earthwormfw - the universal freshwater bait
Frogfw - catches a wide range of predatory fish
Glass Shrimpfw - a strong contender to earthworm
Juvenile Fishfw - any small freshwater fish such as carp or tilapia
Maggotfw - the young form of a fly
Mayflyfw - lives for a very short time thus not an everyday bait
Winged Termitefw - emits a repulsive odour
Grubfw - found in dead tree logs
Freshwater Crabfw - found under stones in certain rivers
Meatfw - chicken, beef, mutton etc
Liverfw - chicken, beef, mutton etc
Intestinesfw - often from chicken, for use as stinkbait
Salmon Eggsfw - for salmon, steelhead, trout
Swamp Eelfw - usually for fishing giant snakehead
Saltwater Shrimpsw - catches a wide range of saltwater fish
Mantis Shrimpsw - to catch parrotfish
Rag Wormsw - catches an array of fish & giant freshwater prawn
Squidsw - catches a wide range of saltwater fish
Clamsw - fish from the surf such as stingray
Cocklesw - fish from the surf such as stingray
Crabsw - parrotfish likes them
Mulletsw - preferably fresh, use whole, cut in strips or chunks
Sardinesw - preferably fresh, use whole, cut in strips or chunks
Indian Mackerelsw - preferably fresh, use whole, cut in strips or chunks
Indian Scadsw - preferably fresh, use whole, cut in strips or chunks
Big Eye Scadsw - preferably fresh, use whole, cut in strips or chunks